Seeking permanent injunctions to halt the sale of the phone records and financial redress, the FTC contends the sites violate federal privacy laws.
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 states that customers' phone records are their private property and can only be disclosed to the customer or with the approval of the customer.
''Trafficking in consumers' confidential telephone records is outrageous,'' Lydia Parnes, director of the FTC's Bureau of Consumer Protection, said in a statement.
Named in the suits are: 77 Investigations, Inc., and Reginald Kimbro, based in Upland, Calif.; AccuSearch, Inc. (dba Abika.com), and Jay Patel, based in Cheyenne, Wyoming; and CEO Group, Inc. (dba Check Em Out), and Scott Joseph, based in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
Also named are: Information Search, Inc., and David Kacala, based in Baltimore, Md.; and Integrity Security & Investigation Services, Inc., Edmund L. Edmister, Tracey Edmister, and F. Lynn Moseley, based in Yorktown, Va.
According to the FTC, the defendants advertised on their sites they could obtain the confidential phone records of any individual, including lists of outgoing and incoming calls, and make that information available to their clients for a fee.
''The account holders have not authorized the defendants to obtain access to or sell their confidential customer phone records,'' the FTC complaints state.
Instead, the FTC claims the sites used false pretenses, fraudulent statements and other misrepresentations to obtain the phone records.